Though they're among the least-exposed areas of our bodies, as we generally keep them snuggled comfortably inside socks or shoes, our feet are also literally under a lot of pressure, which can make them susceptible to a number of painful afflictions. Of the many forms foot pain can take, one of the most potentially unpleasant is plantar fasciitis. Overpronation occurs when this inward roll of the foot is too extreme, concentrating the shock of impact in too small an area rather than distributing it evenly throughout the foot. Over time, this action can lengthen the arch, which in turn puts tension on and can inflame the plantar fascia. Due to over-pronation the foot continues to roll inwards when it really should be pushing off and outwards, because of which the lower leg also follows the internal rotation instead of the external rotation, thereby placing a lot of strain on the leg muscles (especially the calf muscles) causing leg ache and shin splits. The knee-cap, a hinge joint designed to flex and extend like a door and not rotate, gets displaced due to the twisting of the leg. Similarly, when the legs rotate inwards, the pelvis is forced to tilt forward, thereby constantly straining the lower back muscles. One of the most effective methods to reduce heel pain is to wear orthotics. Orthotics, such as night splints and shoe inserts, restricts the movement of your feet, thereby preventing any abnormal motion of the heel This provides relief from the excruciating pain in the heels and prevent the condition from aggravating. One can also use silicone heel cups to treat morning heel pains. These cups provide excellent support to your heels. The appropriate use of anti inflammatory medications, will assist in decreasing the inflammation that occurs in the fascia following any tearing. It can also assist in reducing pain levels. Heel spurs occur when calcium deposits build up on the underside of the heel bone, a process that usually occurs over a period of many months. Heel spurs are often caused by strains on foot muscles and ligaments, stretching of the plantar fascia, and repeated tearing of the membrane that covers the heel bone. Heel spurs are especially common among athletes whose activities include large amounts of running and jumping.” Plantar fasciitis and heel spurs are problems that can develop in the area of the heel on the sole of the foot, causing chronic pain and interfering with the ability to walk normally or comfortably. Pinpoint the source of pain. Sudden changes or increases in physical activity as well as prolonged standing are possible causes. If there’s been no change to physical activity lately, taking a break from any other activities that a person suspects may be the source of the problem, such as high-impact sports or other athletic activities, may be wise. If a problem is identified, a person may want to consider avoiding that activity for a period of time determined by her/his health care provider. Or, some folks may want to simply change up their exercise routine to avoid the pain — swimming or upper body weight lifting may be appropriate alternatives. According to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS), 72% of people who used stretching exercises to lesson heel pain, had the pain subside. Do not ignore heel pain. It could be an early sign of a variety of serious conditions. That is why early treatment of your heel pain is so valuable. And the good news is, most foot heel pain treatment plans are easy and can be conducted at home. Surgery is hardly ever necessary unless you let it get out of hand. Injections therapy is needed in some cases of Plantar Fasciitis, which means a physician injects corticosteroid into the inflamed Fascia to relieve the pain.